The original Green Mountain Boys formed in the 1760s to resist property claims by New Yorkers, and went on to fight against the British in the American Revolutionary War. Vermont militia units were mustered for the War of 1812, the American Civil War, and the Spanish-American War (1898). During the Civil War, the Vermont militia was formed into the 1st Vermont Brigade and 2nd Vermont Brigade and served most notably in the battles of Gettysburg (July 1863), Wilderness (May 1864), and Cedar Creek (October 1864). During World War I (1917–1918), Vermont National Guard units served with the 26th Infantry Division (a.k.a. the "Yankee" Division). During World War II (1941–1945), Vermont National Guard units served with the 43rd Infantry Division (a.k.a. the "Winged Victory" Division) in the Pacific Theater of War, notably in the Solomons and on Luzon in the Philippines. The 2nd Battalion of the 172nd Infantry Regiment earned a Presidential Unit Citation for combat actions during the Battle of the Ipo Dam, Luzon in mid May 1945.
Vermont Veterans© Copyright 2013 by Wayne S. Watker. All rights reserved.