The Art of Taekwondo and the ITF style


Taekwondo in Korean The five Tenets of Taekwondo

The History of Taekwondo

50 B.C.
Drawings appear in caves depicting men in stances that look like Taekwondo
18 B.C.
Kingdom of Baeckje is founded, establishing the three Kingdom dynasty (Baeckje, Silla, Goguryeo). The three kingdoms ruled the korean peninsula and a great portion of manchuria in the 1st millenium. The early martial art named Subak spreads through Packje and Silla.
540-576 A.D.
Chin Heung, the 24th king of Silla, decides to commission the formation of the Hwarang. The Hwarang is comprised of aritocratic youth and they begin to learn what became known as Hwa rang do. The teaching revolves around fighting techniques, weapons, spiritual training, intellectual enhancement, and artistic pursuits.
668 A.D.
The Hwarang practice Subak and also develop the next form of Taekyon, which has more order and structure. The general public are greatly interested in both forms and it becomes popular to practice amongst the local people and not just within the military.
935 A.D.
General Wang Kon leads an insurrection against Goryeo (changed from Goguryeo in the 5th century), overthrowing the government and founding the Goryeo dynasty. Taekyon is required to be learned by all military personnel, and is widely practiced by the general public as well.
1392
The Yi dynasty begins promoting confucian philosphy, which because of its peaceful nature downplays the role of martial arts. Despite this the general public still practice both Subak and Taekyon. The name Taekyon is sometimes replaced by Soo Back Ki which means Hand Striking Techniques.
1909-1945
Japan conquors Korea and forbids any Korean culture including the practice of native martial arts. Many instructors flee from the country where they are influenced by other martial arts, while others practiced taekyon in seceret and remained in Korea. At the end of World War II Korea is liberated from Japanese occupation and Korean martial arts are brought back. The renued martial arts schools (kwans) lack consistency and much of what they practice is heavily influenced by the Japanese martial arts.
1946
Hwang Kee derives a form of martial arts called Mood Duk Kwan, which eventualy splits into two different styles Taekwondo and Tang Soo Do.
1952
Impressed by a demonstraition at a martial arts exhibition south Korean president Syngman Rhee orders one of his generals, Choi Hong Hi, to introduce martial arts to the Korean army. By the mid 1950s nine schools (kwans) of martial arts had emerged in korea.
1955-57
The nine kwans agree to combine under one unified system as directed by Syngman Rhee. It is suggested that the new system be called Taekwondo. As it is practiced today the nine kwans are responsible for this final product of korean martial arts.
1960
The newly formed K.T.A. (Korea Taekwondo Association) , which oversaw the unification of the nine kwans, begins to dispatch masters to other countries to promote Taekwondo and open schools (dojangs).
1966
General Choi founds the I.T.F.(International Taekwondo Federation) with support from Vietnam, West Germany, Malaysia, Turkey, Italy, United Arab Republic, Taiwan, and United States. The ITF is a separate organization from the Korean Taekwondo Association.
1967
The U.S. Taekwondo Association is formed.
1968-69
General Choi teaches Master Haeung Lee taekwondo. Haeung Lee goes on to found the A.T.A (American Taekwondo Association) based in Omaha, Nebraska
1971-72
Chung Hee Park, president of South Korea, announces that taekwondo will become the national sport of Korea and implements plans to build the Kukkiwon headquarters (W.T.F. Headquarters). General Choi leaves South Korea and moves the I.T.F. headquarters to Toronto, Canada.
1973
W.T.F. (World Taekwondo Federation) is founded and cuts all ties with the I.T.F. Kukkiwon becomes the official training site and headquarters of W.T.F.
1980-81
The International Olympic Commitee (IOC) recognizes the W.T.F. at the 83rd session in Moscow, Russia. In 81 W.T.F. is accepted as a world games event.
1982
General Choi tries to make I.T.F. Taekwondo an olympic sport by reaching out to the IOC.
1984
The I.T.F. moves its headquarters to Vienna, Austria.
1986
The I.T.F. sends teams to china for demonstration purposes. China eventualy embraces taekwondo.
1988
Taekwondo is featured as an exhibition sport in the 1988 Seoul olympic games.
1992
Taekwondo is featured again as an exhibition sport in the Barcelona olympic games.
2000
The IOC confirm that taekwondo will be an official sport in the 2004 Athens olympic games.
2002
General Choi, regarded as the "father of taekwondo" dies of stomach cancer. The selection of his sucessor as head of the I.T.F. is somewhat disputed leading to the I.T.F. to split into three branches, I.T.F. Vienna,I.T.F. North Korea,and I.T.F. Canada.
2004
Taekwondo is an official sport in the olympic games at Athens.
2008
Taekwondo is an official sport at the olympic games held in Beijing, China.
2012
Taekwondo participates as an official sport in the London olympic games.
Yin Yang