- File Transfer Protocol (FTP)
- File Transfer Protocol (FTP) is a set of rules that allow files to be exchanged between
computers on the Internet. Unlike HTTP, which is used by web browsers to request web
pages and their associated files in order to display a web page, FTP is used simply to
move files from one computer to another. Web developers commonly use FTP to transfer
web page files from their computers to web servers. FTP is also commonly used to download
programs and files from other servers to individual computers.
- Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTP)
- HTTP is a set of rules for exchanging files such as text, images, audio, video, and
other multimedia on the Web. Web browsers and web servers usually use this protocol.
When the user of a web browser requests a file by typing a website address
or clicking on a hyperlink, the browser builds an HTTP request and sends it to the
server. The web server in the destination machine receives the request, does any
necessary processing, and responds with the requested file and any associated
- Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP)
- Transmission Control Protocol/Internet Protocol (TCP/IP) has been adopted as the
official communication protocol of the Internet. TCP and IP have different functions that
work together to ensure reliable communication over the Internet.